cyberciti.biz: Tunneling VNC Connections Over SSH

cyberciti.biz: Tunneling VNC Connections Over SSH

Virtual Network Computing (VNC) is a desktop sharing system which uses the RFB (Remote FrameBuffer) protocol to remotely control another computer. It transmits the keyboard presses and mouse clicks from one computer to another relaying the screen updates back in the other direction, over a network.

Step by step procedure

You can easily tunnel VNC connections over ssh so that entire traffic get encrypted. Type the following command to tunnel VNC connections over SSH (you need to type command on your desktop computer running UNIX or Linux):
$ ssh -L 5901:localhost:5901 -N -f -l rocky sshserver.mydomain.com

OR
$ ssh -L 5901:127.0.0.1:5901 -N -f -l rocky 192.168.1.100

Where,

-L 5901:localhost:5901 : Specifies that the given port on the local (client) host is to be forwarded to the given host and port on the remote side. Here you are using port 5901 on the localhost to be forward to sshserver.mydomain.com on the 5901 port.
-N : Do not execute a remote command i.e. just forward ports.
-f : Requests ssh to go to background just before command execution. Requests ssh to go to background just before command execution. Once password supplied it will go to background and you can use prompt for type commands on local system.
-l rocky : rocky is the user to log in as on the remote machine (sshserver.mydomain.com).
sshserver.mydomain.com (192.168.1.100): Remote system with VNC server
In your localhost VNC client use 127.0.0.1:5901 for connection. Make sure you use appropriate port i.e. 5901 (VNC server running on display 1). This tunnel will provide nice enhanced security.

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