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dm-14I started building web applications using the LAMP stack around 2005. I worked for a large organization at the time and found that most of the data I wanted to get at was in the Oracle database so I thought I’d learn that too. What I found, I fell in love with, so much so that I dedicated myself to learning more about Oracle – core concepts, database design, SQL, PL/SQL, you name it.
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Top 9 open source ERP systems to consider | Opensource.com
Top 9 open source ERP systems to consider
There are a number of flexible, feature-rich, and cost-effective open source ERP systems out there. Here are nine to check out.
10 Apr 2018 Opensource.com (Red Hat) Feed 16up 5 comments
9 open source ERP systems to consider
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Businesses with more than a handful of employees have a lot to balance including pricing, product planning, accounting and finance, managing payroll, dealing with inventory, and more. Stitching together a set of disparate tools to handle those jobs is a quick, cheap, and dirty way to get things done.
That approach isn’t scalable. It’s difficult to efficiently move data between the various pieces of such an ad-hoc system. As well, it can be difficult to maintain.
Instead, most growing businesses turn to an enterprise resource planning (ERP) system.
The big guns in that space are Oracle, SAP, and Microsoft Dynamics. Their offerings are comprehensive, but also expensive. What happens if your business can’t afford one of those big implementations or if your needs are simple? You turn to the open source alternatives.
What to look for in an ERP system
Obviously, you want a system that suits your needs. Depending on those needs, more features doesn’t always mean better. However, your needs might change as your business grows, so you’ll want to find an ERP system that can expand to meet your new needs. That could mean the system has additional modules or just supports plugins and add-ons.
Most open source ERP systems are web applications. You can download and install them on your server. But if you don’t want (or don’t have the skills or staff) to maintain a system yourself, then make sure there’s a hosted version of the application available.
Finally, you’ll want to make sure the application has good documentation and good support—either in the form of paid support or an active user community.
There are a number of flexible, feature-rich, and cost-effective open source ERP systems out there. Here are nine to check out if you’re in the market for such a system.
Like most other open source ERP solutions, ADempiere is targeted at small and midsized businesses. It’s been around awhile—the project was formed in 2006 as a fork from the Compiere ERP software.
Its Italian name means to achieve or satisfy, and its “multidimensional” ERP features aim to help businesses satisfy a wide range of needs. It adds supply chain management (SCM) and customer relationship management (CRM) features to its ERP suite to help manage sales, purchasing, inventory, and accounting processes in one piece of software. Its latest release, v.3.9.0, updated its user interface, point-of-sale, HR, payroll, and other features.
As a multiplatform, Java-based cloud solution, ADempiere is accessible on Linux, Unix, Windows, MacOS, smartphones, and tablets. It is licensed under GPLv2. If you’d like to learn more, take its demo for a test run or access its source code on GitHub.
Apache OFBiz’s suite of related business tools is built on a common architecture that enables organizations to customize the ERP to their needs. As a result, it’s best suited for midsize or large enterprises that have the internal development resources to adapt and integrate it within their existing IT and business processes.
OFBiz is a mature open source ERP system; its website says it’s been a top-level Apache project for a decade. Modules are available for accounting, manufacturing, HR, inventory management, catalog management, CRM, and e-commerce. You can also try out its e-commerce web store and backend ERP applications on its demo page.
Apache OFBiz’s source code can be found in the project’s repository. It is written in Java and licensed under an Apache 2.0 license.
Dolibarr offers end-to-end management for small and midsize businesses—from keeping track of invoices, contracts, inventory, orders, and payments to managing documents and supporting electronic point-of-sale system. It’s all wrapped in a fairly clean interface.
If you’re wondering what Dolibarr can’t do, here’s some documentation about that.
In addition to an online demo, Dolibarr also has an add-ons store where you can buy software that extends its features. You can check out its source code on GitHub; it’s licensed under GPLv3 or any later version.
ERPNext is one of those classic open source projects; in fact, it was featured on Opensource.com way back in 2014. It was designed to scratch a particular itch, in this case replacing a creaky and expensive proprietary ERP implementation.
ERPNext was built for small and midsized businesses. It includes modules for accounting, managing inventory, sales, purchase, and project management. The applications that make up ERPNext are form-driven—you fill information in a set of fields and let the application do the rest. The whole suite is easy to use.
If you’re interested, you can request a demo before taking the plunge and downloading it or buying a subscription to the hosted service.
Metasfresh’s name reflects its commitment to keeping its code “fresh.” It’s released weekly updates since late 2015, when its founders forked the code from the ADempiere project. Like ADempiere, it’s an open source ERP based on Java targeted at the small and midsize business market.
While it’s a younger project than most of the other software described here, it’s attracted some early, positive attention, such as being named a finalist for the Initiative Mittelstand “best of open source” IT innovation award.
Metasfresh is free when self-hosted or for one user via the cloud, or on a monthly subscription fee basis as a cloud-hosted solution for 1-100 users. Its source code is available under the GPLv2 license at GitHub and its cloud version is licensed under GPLv3.
Odoo is an integrated suite of applications that includes modules for project management, billing, accounting, inventory management, manufacturing, and purchasing. Those modules can communicate with each other to efficiently and seamlessly exchange information.
While ERP can be complex, Odoo makes it friendlier with a simple, almost spartan interface. The interface is reminiscent of Google Drive, with just the functions you need visible. You can give Odoo a try before you decide to sign up.
Odoo is a web-based tool. Subscriptions to individual modules will set you back $20 (USD) a month for each one. You can also download it or grab the source code from GitHub. It’s licensed under LGPLv3.
Opentaps, one of the few open source ERP solutions designed for larger businesses, packs a lot of power and flexibility. This is no surprise because it’s built on top of Apache OFBiz.
You get the expected set of modules that help you manage inventory, manufacturing, financials, and purchasing. You also get an analytics feature that helps you analyze all aspects of your business. You can use that information to better plan into the future. Opentaps also packs a powerful reporting function.
On top of that, you can buy add-ons and additional modules to enhance Opentaps’ capabilities. They include integration with Amazon Marketplace Services and FedEx. Before you download Opentaps, give the online demo a try. It’s licensed under GPLv3.
WebERP is exactly as it sounds: An ERP system that operates through a web browser. The only other software you need is a PDF reader to view reports.
Specifically, its an accounting and business management solution geared toward wholesale, distribution, and manufacturing businesses. It also integrates with third-party business software, including a point-of-sale system for multi-branch retail management, an e-commerce module, and wiki software for building a business knowledge base. It’s written in PHP and aims to be a low-footprint, efficient, fast, and platform-independent system that’s easy for general business users.
WebERP is actively being developed and has an active forum, where you can ask questions or learn more about using the application. You can also try a demo or download the source code (licensed under GPLv2) on GitHub.
If your manufacturing, distribution, or e-commerce business has outgrown its small business roots and is looking for an ERP to grow with you, you may want to check out xTuple PostBooks. It’s a comprehensive solution built around its core ERP, accounting, and CRM features that adds inventory, distribution, purchasing, and vendor reporting capabilities.
There are many other open source ERP options you can choose from—others you might want to check out include Tryton, which is written in Python and uses the PostgreSQL database engine, or the Java-based Axelor, which touts users’ ability to create or modify business apps with a drag-and-drop interface. And, if your favorite open source ERP solution isn’t on the list, please share it with us in the comments. You might also check out our list of top supply chain management tools.
This article is updated from a previous version authored by Opensource.com moderator Scott Nesbitt.
About the authorOpensource.com – Opensource.com publishes stories about creating, adopting, and sharing open source solutions. Follow us on Twitter @opensourceway.
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M S Hayden
M S Hayden on 10 Apr 2018
How did you forget Tryton? It is a community managed project that forked from Odoo nine years ago. They manage their codename better than Odoo does and there isn’t the risk of integrator lock – in (Tryton provides robust upgrade / migration mechanisms not present in Odoo).
Reply Vote up!1
Zeeshan Hasan on 12 Apr 2018
Idempiere is another fork of Adempiere worth examining as it incorporates an OSGI based plugin system. There are many community developed plugin available at http://wiki.idempiere.org/en/Category:Available_Plugins
My company implemented Adempiere internally 9 years ago but is now migrating to idempiere.
Reply Vote up!0
Lewis Cowles on 13 Apr 2018
This is fantastic. One thing I’m noticing a lot have not mentioned is EDI integration or case management, fleet maintenance and appointment booking. I’d love to talk to people from these projects. I Have my own software I was looking to OpenSource. It’s a lot of work when nobody has ever funded it. Perhaps relinquishing some of the responsibilities and hitching to another ERP would be an idea.
Reply Vote up!0
W. Anderson on 13 Apr 2018
As mentioned by your first commenter, Tryton is an excellent Python based ERP and CRM that while originally forked from Odoo has quickly surpassed it in standards compliance and flexibility.
It has worked perfectly in customization for small Auto rental agency in New Jersey, USA.
Reply Vote up!0
Dominique Chabord on 17 Apr 2018
I confirm. Tryton is my favorite for small businesses, associations and collaborative economy because it delivers a set of functions based on good practices at no cost..
The Tryton community has proven it is also the best framework for
– large implementation of complex applications like GNU-Health hospital management and laboratory management,
– vertical products specialized to a very demanding industry like COOG for insurance companies
– e-commerce, when performance, flexibility or stability is at stake.
Reply Vote up!1
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Wrecked Metropolises of the 1st Millennium: a comparison
Gunnar Heinsohn (born 1943 in Gdynia/Poland, emeritus professor at Universität Bremen (University of Bremen/Germany) has studied sociology, history, psychology, economics and religious studies at the Freie Universität Berlin. He has earned a university diploma in sociology in 1971, as well as doctorates summa cum laude in both sociology (1973), and in economics (1982).
From 1976 to 1978 he has lived in Israel. His publication list exceeds 750 titles including more than thirty monographies. Since 1984 he has been a tenured professor at Universität Bremen where he has served, from 1993-2009, as speaker of Europe’s first university institute devoted to comparative genocide research, the Raphael-Lemkin Institut für Xenophobie und Genozidforschung [Institute for xenophobia and genocide research]. He has published in the major newspapers and magazines of the German language area as well as in the Wall Street Journal, the International Herald Tribune, Newsweek, Le Monde, the Financial Times, the Weekly Standard, NRC-Handelsblad (Amsterdam). In recent years, he has been involved in fierce controversies over his proposals of limiting to five years the reception of welfare benefits in Germany.
His research focuses on the HISTORY AND THEORY OF CIVILIZATION with special emphasis on (i) Population/Childhood/Family, (ii) Economy, (iii) Religion, (iv) Genocide/War, and (v) Chronology.
(i) Major subjects of Population/Childhood/Family were dealt with in (1) Vorschulerziehung in der bürgerlichen Gesellschaft [1991; ‘Pre-school Education in Modern Times’] (Frankfurt am Main: S. Fischer 1974). (2) Theorie des Kindergartens und der Spielpädagogik [‘Theory of the Kindergarten and Play-Pedagogy’] (Frankfurt am Main: Suhrkamp, 1975; co-author: B.M.C. Knieper; translations into Danish and Swedish). (3) Theorie des Familienrechts: Geschlechtsrollenaufhebung, Kindesvernachlässigung, Geburtenrückgang [1974; ‘Theory of Family Law: Diminishing Sex Role differences, Child Neglect and Falling Birth Rates’] (Frankfurt am Main: Suhrkamp, 19762, co-author: R. Knieper). (4) The Bancruptcy of the Economics of Population: Why Economists have Failed to Develop an Economic Theory of the Production of Human Beings, (Universität Bremen: Forschungsgruppe ‘Postkeynesianische Ökonomie’, als Diskussionsbeiträge zur Politischen Ökonomie, Nr. 21, 1979, co-author: O. Steiger); (5) Menschenproduktion: Allgemeine Bevölkerungstheorie der Neuzeit [The ‘Production of Human Beings: General Theory of Population in Modern Times’] (Frankfurt am Main: Suhrkamp, 1979; 1986; co-authors: R. Knieper and O. Steiger).
(ii) In the field of Economics appeared (6) Das Kibbuz-Modell -Bestandsaufnahme einer alternativen Wirtschafts- und Lebensform nach sieben Jahrzehnten [ ‘The Kibbutz as a Model: An Alternative Economy and Life Style after Seven Decades’] (Frankfurt am Main: Suhrkamp, 1982). (7) Privateigentum, Patriarchat, Geldwirtschaft. Eine sozialtheoretische Rekonstruktion zur Antike [‘Private Ownership, Patriarchy and the Monetary Economy: A Socio-theoretical Reconstruction of Occidental Antiquity’] (Frankfurt am Main: Suhrkamp 1984). (8) Eigentum, Zins und Geld: Ungelöste Rätsel der Wirtschaftswissenschaft [‘Property, Interest and Money: Unsolved Enigmas of Economics’] (Reinbek: Rowohlt, 1996; co-author: O. Steiger; corr. 5th ed Marburg: Metropolis 2009). (9) Kontroversen der Geldentstehung: Streit um die Anfänge des Geldes [‘Controversies on the Origin of Money’] (Universität Bremen: Institut für Konjunktur und Strukturforschung, als IKSF Discussion Paper, Nr. 11, 1997, co-author: O. Steiger); (10) Das Eurosystem und die Verletzung der Zentralbankregeln: Was man darüber wissen muß und was dazu gerne verschwiegen wird [‘The Euro-System and the Violation of the Art of Central Banking’] (St. Gallen: Managementzentrum [MZSG], 2000, co-author: O. Steiger). (11) The Property Theory of Interest and Money (London&New York: Routledge [“What Is Money?”]; co-author: O. Steiger). (12) Geld und Zins: Gemeinverständliche Grundlegung der Wirtschaftstheorie [“Money and Interest: A Popular Foundation of Economics”] (St. Gallen: Managementzentrum [MZSG], 2001). (13) Eigentumstheorie des Wirtschaftens versus Wirtschaftstheorie ohne Eigentum [‘Property Theory of the Economy versus Economic Theory without Property’ (Marburg: Metropolis, 2002, co-author: O. Steiger). (14) Eigentumsökonomik [“Property Economics”] (Marburg: Metropolis, 2006, 2008, co-author: O. Steiger). (15) A Property Economics Explanation of the 2008 Global Financial Crisis http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=1331712 (Social Science Research Network [SSRN] 2008). (16) Property Theory of the Market (Social Science Research Network [SSRN] 2009). In the Encyclopedia of Economic Works covering the most inspiring 650 works in economics of altogether 460 authors worldwide from antiquity to the 20th century, the author is the only living scholar of the German language area represented with four different studies (followed by Reinhard Selten [*1930; Nobel Price 1994] with three texts). See D. Herz and V. Weinberger, eds., Lexikon ökonomischer Werke: 650 wegweisende Schriften von der Antike bis ins 20. Jahrhundert, Düsseldorf: Wirtschaft und Finanzen, 2006, pp. 186-190. The money explanation of Eigentum, Zins und Geld [(8) above] is, since 2000, represented in the Geldmuseum der Deutschen Bundesbank (Money-Museum of the German Bundesbank, Frankfurt am Main) in juxtaposition with the money views of Aristotle, Adam Smith, Bernard Laum, and John Maynard Keynes.
(iii) Matters of Religion became the subject of (17) Theorie des Tötungsverbotes [‘Theory of the Prohibition of Killing’] (Pamphlet 7 of L`invitation au voyage zu Alfred Sohn-Rethel (Festschrift zum 80. Geburtstag), Bremen: Wassmann, 1979). (18) Was ist Antisemitismus? – Der Ursprung von Monotheismus und Judenhaß – Warum Antizionismus? [‘What is anti-Semitism? – The Origin of Monotheism and anti-Judaism. – Why anti-Zionism?’] (Frankfurt am Main: Eichborn, 1988). (19) Die Erschaffung der Götter: Das Opfer als Ursprung der Religion [‘Creation of the Gods: Sacrifice and the Origin of Religion’] (Reinbek: Rowohlt, 1997) – English translation here.
(iv) Genocide and other mega-killings were dealt with in (20) Die Vernichtung der weisen Frauen: Beiträge zur Theorie und Geschichte von Bevölkerung und Kindheit [‘The Elimination of the Wise Women: Contributions to the Theory and History of Population and Childhood’] (München: Heyne , 20055; co-author: O. Steiger; translation into Swedish). (21) Warum Auschwitz? Hitlers Plan und die Ratlosigkeit der Nachwelt [‘Why Auschwitz? Hitler’s Plan and The Perplexity of Holocaust Scholars’] (Reinbek: Rowohlt, 1995; translation into French in prep.). (22) Was wollte Hitler? Auschwitz und die Lehre von den drei Weltzeitaltern [‘What Was Hitler’s Motive? Auschwitz and the Doctrine of the three Universal Epochs’] (Bremen: Raphael-Lemkin-Institut für Xenophobie- und Genozidforschung, 1996). (23) Anfang und Ende des Klimawahns [‘Rise and Fall of the Climate Scare’] (St. Gallen: Managementzentrum [MZSG], 1997). (24) Post-Genocidal Reconciliation in Rwanda: Are There Lessons from Germany? (Universität Bremen: Raphael-Lemkin-Institut für Xenophobie- und Genozidforschung / Schriftenreihe Bd. 3, 1997). (25) Inflation and Witchcraft or the Birth of Political Economy: The Case of Jean Bodin Reconsidered (Universität Bremen: Institut für Konjunktur und Strukturforschung, als IKSF Discussion Paper, Nr. 8, 1997, co-autho: O. Steiger). (26) GUlag und Auschwitz: Ein Wort zur Klärung der Differenz [‘GULag and Auschwitz: A Word on their Difference’] (Universität Bremen: Raphael-Lemkin-Institut für Xenophobie- und Genozidforschung / Schriftenreihe Bd. 6, 1998); (27) Lexikon der Völkermorde [“Encyclopedia of Genocides”] (Reinbek: Rowohlt, 1998, 1999; Swedish and Bulgarian translations in prep.). (28) “Why Was the Holocaust a Unique Genocide,” Journal of Genocide Research II/2, 2000). (29) “Jüdische Sklaven Hitlerdeutschlands: Wie viele überlebten 1945 den Genozid und wie viele könnten im Jahr 2000 noch leben?” [‘Jewish Slaves of Hitler’s Germany: How Many Have Survived the Genocide in 1945 and How Many Could Still Be Alive in 2000)’] (Universität Bremen: Raphael-Lemkin-Institut für Xeno-phobie- und Genozidforschung / Schriftenreihe Bd. 9, 2001). (30) Entry “Genocide” (International Encyclopedia of the Social and Behavioral Sciences, London: Elsevier, 2001); (31) Söhne und Weltmacht ([‘Sons and World Power’] Zuerich: Orell & Füssli, 2003). ‘Sons and World Power’ (a scholastic bestseller with 10th impression in 2008 and Dutch, Japanese as well as Polish editions in 2008/2009) tries to illuminate the role of youth bulges in mega-killings of past, present, and future. From 2005 to 2009, the author gave lectures on the subject to Germany’s secret services (BND; BfV), commanders of major NATO forces, Germany’s National Academy of Security Policy as well as its Ministry of the Interior. Together with Philippe Bourcier de Carbon (Paris), he was the only expert from continental Europe consulted for the study “The Graying of the Great Powers” by the Center for Strategic and International Studies (CSIS; Washington DC 2008).
(v) On Chronology were published (32) Nullpunkt Abraham. Abraham und die Chronologien Mesopotamiens und Ägyptens [‘Point Zero: Abraham and the Chronologies of Mesopotamia and Egypt’] (Basel: PAF, 1987). (33) Wie alt ist das Menschengeschlecht? [1991; ‘How Ancient Is Mankind?’] (München: Gräfelfing 1996, 2003. (34) Die Sumerer gab es nicht: Von den Phantom-Imperien der Lehrbücher zur wirklichen Epochenabfolge in der “Zivilisationswiege” Südmesopotamien [‘Have the enigmatic Sumerians been the lost Chaldaeans: From the Phantom Empires of Modern Textbooks to the Real Sequence of Epochs in Southern Mesopotamia’s “Cradle of Civilization”‘ (Frankfurt am Main: Eichborn, 1988). (35) Wann lebten die Pharaonen? Archäologische und technologische Grundlagen für eine Neuschreibung der Geschichte Ägyptens und der übrigen Welt [1991; ‘When Did the Pharaohs Thrive? Archaeological and Technological Foundations for the Re-writing of Ancient History’] (Frankfurt/Main: Eichborn, 1990; München: Mantis, 1997, 2065; co-author: H. Illig). (36) Wer herrschte im Industal? Die wiedergefundenen Imperien der Meder und der Perser [1993; ‘Who Ruled in the Indus Valley? The Rediscovery of the Medish and Akhaemenid Empires’] (Gräfelfing: Mantis, 19972). (37) Assyrerkönige gleich Perserherrscher! Die Assyrienfunde bestätigen das Achämenidenreich [1992; ‘Assyrian Kings as Persian Rulers in Assyrian Garb: The Archaeology of Assyria Confirms the Existence of the Akhaemenid Empire’] (Gräfelfing: Mantis, 19962). (38) Empires Lost and Found: Stratigraphy and the Search for the Great Powers of the Past, in http://www.cais-soas.com/CAIS/History/empires_lost_found.htm CAIS (The Circle of Ancient Iranian Studies ) 2006a. (39) Cyaxares: Media’s Great King in Egypt, Assyria & Iran, in CAIS (The Circle of Ancient Iranian Studies) 2006b; http://www.cais-soas.com/CAIS/History/madha/cyaxares_Egypt_assyria.htm CAIS (The Circle of Ancient Iranian Studies) 2006b; (40) “Die Wiederher-stellung der alten Geschichte” [‘The Reconstruction of Ancient History’], Introduction to the new edition of Die Sumerer gab es nicht (see (34) above), Gräfelging: Mantis 2007, pp. 9-65).
by Gunnar Heinsohn
athens under hadrian
A reconstitution of Athens at the time of Hadrian
Gunnar Heinsohn is presenting here stratigraphic evidence for seven cities which he is discussing in his forthcoming book: Aachen, Kalisz, Rome, Athens, Byzantium, Jerusalem, and Samarra, underlining the claim that each site experiences just one devastating destruction during the 1st millennium CE that, in each case, is the same that brings about, at the beginning of the 10th c. CE, the dramatic shift from the Early Middle Ages to the High Middle Ages. It is presented as a schematic overview to facilitate objections.
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My encounter with a bolide
G.H.: Archaeological strata vs tree-rings
Mike Baillie: Tree-ring and radiocarbon rebuttal of Gunnar Heinsohn
Cyprus salt lakes exonerate Peoples of the Sea from destroying Bronze Age civilizations
The 1st Millenniu AD Chronology Controversy
Toppling Rome’s obelisks and aqueducts
A Stone Ax from Doggerland
Trevor Palmer’s response to Gunnar Heinsohn
Conspiracy of Religious History?
Gunnar Heinsohn’s answer to Trevor Palmer
G.H.: Vikings without towns, ports and sails…
Trevor Palmer challenges Gunnar Heinsohn
The Exact Date of the Deaths of Patroclus and Hector
Libyan rock-art erased by Jihadists
The tsunami which obliterated Doggerland
Miles below ground, live the creatures of the Deep
Navigation systems of migratory birds suffer…
G.H.: Charlemagne’s correct place in History
The Petroglyphs of Mount Bégo
The Petroglyph sundial of Mount Bégo
Mount Bégo: an Electrical Mountain
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