The Feynman Lectures on Physics

The Feynman Lectures on Physics, Volume I

mainly mechanics, radiation, and heat

Feynman-Leighton-Sands

(single-column Table of Contents)

About the Authors

Preface to the New Millennium Edition

Feynman’s Preface

Foreword

Chapter 1. Atoms in Motion

1-1 Introduction

1-2 Matter is made of atoms

1-3 Atomic processes

1-4 Chemical reactions

Chapter 2. Basic Physics

2-1 Introduction

2-2 Physics before 1920

2-3 Quantum physics

2-4 Nuclei and particles

Chapter 3. The Relation of Physics to Other Sciences

3-1 Introduction

3-2 Chemistry

3-3 Biology

3-4 Astronomy

3-5 Geology

3-6 Psychology

3-7 How did it get that way?

Chapter 4. Conservation of Energy

4-1 What is energy?

4-2 Gravitational potential energy

4-3 Kinetic energy

4-4 Other forms of energy

Chapter 5. Time and Distance

5-1 Motion

5-2 Time

5-3 Short times

5-4 Long times

5-5 Units and standards of time

5-6 Large distances

5-7 Short distances

Chapter 6. Probability

6-1 Chance and likelihood

6-2 Fluctuations

6-3 The random walk

6-4 A probability distribution

6-5 The uncertainty principle

Chapter 7. The Theory of Gravitation

7-1 Planetary motions

7-2 Kepler’s laws

7-3 Development of dynamics

7-4 Newton’s law of gravitation

7-5 Universal gravitation

7-6 Cavendish’s experiment

7-7 What is gravity?

7-8 Gravity and relativity

Chapter 8. Motion

8-1 Description of motion

8-2 Speed

8-3 Speed as a derivative

8-4 Distance as an integral

8-5 Acceleration

Chapter 9. Newton’s Laws of Dynamics

9-1 Momentum and force

9-2 Speed and velocity

9-3 Components of velocity, acceleration, and force

9-4 What is the force?

9-5 Meaning of the dynamical equations

9-6 Numerical solution of the equations

9-7 Planetary motions

Chapter 10. Conservation of Momentum

10-1 Newton’s Third Law

10-2 Conservation of momentum

10-3 Momentum is conserved!

10-4 Momentum and energy

10-5 Relativistic momentum

Chapter 11. Vectors

11-1 Symmetry in physics

11-2 Translations

11-3 Rotations

11-4 Vectors

11-5 Vector algebra

11-6 Newton’s laws in vector notation

11-7 Scalar product of vectors

Chapter 12. Characteristics of Force

12-1 What is a force?

12-2 Friction

12-3 Molecular forces

12-4 Fundamental forces. Fields

12-5 Pseudo forces

12-6 Nuclear forces

Chapter 13. Work and Potential Energy (A)

13-1 Energy of a falling body

13-2 Work done by gravity

13-3 Summation of energy

13-4 Gravitational field of large objects

Chapter 14. Work and Potential Energy (conclusion)

14-1 Work

14-2 Constrained motion

14-3 Conservative forces

14-4 Nonconservative forces

14-5 Potentials and fields

Chapter 15. The Special Theory of Relativity

15-1 The principle of relativity

15-2 The Lorentz transformation

15-3 The Michelson-Morley experiment

15-4 Transformation of time

15-5 The Lorentz contraction

15-6 Simultaneity

15-7 Four-vectors

15-8 Relativistic dynamics

15-9 Equivalence of mass and energy

Chapter 16. Relativistic Energy and Momentum

16-1 Relativity and the philosophers

16-2 The twin paradox

16-3 Transformation of velocities

16-4 Relativistic mass

16-5 Relativistic energy

Chapter 17. Space-Time

17-1 The geometry of space-time

17-2 Space-time intervals

17-3 Past, present, and future

17-4 More about four-vectors

17-5 Four-vector algebra

Chapter 18. Rotation in Two Dimensions

18-1 The center of mass

18-2 Rotation of a rigid body

18-3 Angular momentum

18-4 Conservation of angular momentum

Chapter 19. Center of Mass; Moment of Inertia

19-1 Properties of the center of mass

19-2 Locating the center of mass

19-3 Finding the moment of inertia

19-4 Rotational kinetic energy

Chapter 20. Rotation in space

20-1 Torques in three dimensions

20-2 The rotation equations using cross products

20-3 The gyroscope

20-4 Angular momentum of a solid body

Chapter 21. The Harmonic Oscillator

21-1 Linear differential equations

21-2 The harmonic oscillator

21-3 Harmonic motion and circular motion

21-4 Initial conditions

21-5 Forced oscillations

Chapter 22. Algebra

22-1 Addition and multiplication

22-2 The inverse operations

22-3 Abstraction and generalization

22-4 Approximating irrational numbers

22-5 Complex numbers

22-6 Imaginary exponents

Chapter 23. Resonance

23-1 Complex numbers and harmonic motion

23-2 The forced oscillator with damping

23-3 Electrical resonance

23-4 Resonance in nature

Chapter 24. Transients

24-1 The energy of an oscillator

24-2 Damped oscillations

24-3 Electrical transients

Chapter 25. Linear Systems and Review

25-1 Linear differential equations

25-2 Superposition of solutions

25-3 Oscillations in linear systems

25-4 Analogs in physics

25-5 Series and parallel impedances

Chapter 26. Optics: The Principle of Least Time

26-1 Light

26-2 Reflection and refraction

26-3 Fermat’s principle of least time

26-4 Applications of Fermat’s principle

26-5 A more precise statement of Fermat’s principle

26-6 How it works

Chapter 27. Geometrical Optics

27-1 Introduction

27-2 The focal length of a spherical surface

27-3 The focal length of a lens

27-4 Magnification

27-5 Compound lenses

27-6 Aberrations

27-7 Resolving power

Chapter 28. Electromagnetic Radiation

28-1 Electromagnetism

28-2 Radiation

28-3 The dipole radiator

28-4 Interference

Chapter 29. Interference

29-1 Electromagnetic waves

29-2 Energy of radiation

29-3 Sinusoidal waves

29-4 Two dipole radiators

29-5 The mathematics of interference

Chapter 30. Diffraction

30-1 The resultant amplitude due to n equal oscillators

30-2 The diffraction grating

30-3 Resolving power of a grating

30-4 The parabolic antenna

30-5 Colored films; crystals

30-6 Diffraction by opaque screens

30-7 The field of a plane of oscillating charges

Chapter 31. The Origin of the Refractive Index

31-1 The index of refraction

31-2 The field due to the material

31-3 Dispersion

31-4 Absorption

31-5 The energy carried by an electric wave

31-6 Diffraction of light by a screen

Chapter 32. Radiation Damping. Light Scattering

32-1 Radiation resistance

32-2 The rate of radiation of energy

32-3 Radiation damping

32-4 Independent sources

32-5 Scattering of light

Chapter 33. Polarization

33-1 The electric vector of light

33-2 Polarization of scattered light

33-3 Birefringence

33-4 Polarizers

33-5 Optical activity

33-6 The intensity of reflected light

33-7 Anomalous refraction

Chapter 34. Relativistic Effects in Radiation

34-1 Moving sources

34-2 Finding the “apparent” motion

34-3 Synchrotron radiation

34-4 Cosmic synchrotron radiation

34-5 Bremsstrahlung

34-6 The Doppler effect

34-7 The ω, k four-vector

34-8 Aberration

34-9 The momentum of light

Chapter 35. Color Vision

35-1 The human eye

35-2 Color depends on intensity

35-3 Measuring the color sensation

35-4 The chromaticity diagram

35-5 The mechanism of color vision

35-6 Physiochemistry of color vision

Chapter 36. Mechanisms of Seeing

36-1 The sensation of color

36-2 The physiology of the eye

36-3 The rod cells

36-4 The compound (insect) eye

36-5 Other eyes

36-6 Neurology of vision

Chapter 37. Quantum Behavior

37-1 Atomic mechanics

37-2 An experiment with bullets

37-3 An experiment with waves

37-4 An experiment with electrons

37-5 The interference of electron waves

37-6 Watching the electrons

37-7 First principles of quantum mechanics

37-8 The uncertainty principle

Chapter 38. The Relation of Wave and Particle Viewpoints

38-1 Probability wave amplitudes

38-2 Measurement of position and momentum

38-3 Crystal diffraction

38-4 The size of an atom

38-5 Energy levels

38-6 Philosophical implications

Chapter 39. The Kinetic Theory of Gases

39-1 Properties of matter

39-2 The pressure of a gas

39-3 Compressibility of radiation

39-4 Temperature and kinetic energy

39-5 The ideal gas law

Chapter 40. The Principles of Statistical Mechanics

40-1 The exponential atmosphere

40-2 The Boltzmann law

40-3 Evaporation of a liquid

40-4 The distribution of molecular speeds

40-5 The specific heats of gases

40-6 The failure of classical physics

Chapter 41. The Brownian Movement

41-1 Equipartition of energy

41-2 Thermal equilibrium of radiation

41-3 Equipartition and the quantum oscillator

41-4 The random walk

Chapter 42. Applications of Kinetic Theory

42-1 Evaporation

42-2 Thermionic emission

42-3 Thermal ionization

42-4 Chemical kinetics

42-5 Einstein’s laws of radiation

Chapter 43. Diffusion

43-1 Collisions between molecules

43-2 The mean free path

43-3 The drift speed

43-4 Ionic conductivity

43-5 Molecular diffusion

43-6 Thermal conductivity

Chapter 44. The Laws of Thermodynamics

44-1 Heat engines; the first law

44-2 The second law

44-3 Reversible engines

44-4 The efficiency of an ideal engine

44-5 The thermodynamic temperature

44-6 Entropy

Chapter 45. Illustrations of Thermodynamics

45-1 Internal energy

45-2 Applications

45-3 The Clausius-Clapeyron equation

Chapter 46. Ratchet and pawl

46-1 How a ratchet works

46-2 The ratchet as an engine

46-3 Reversibility in mechanics

46-4 Irreversibility

46-5 Order and entropy

Chapter 47. Sound. The wave equation

47-1 Waves

47-2 The propagation of sound

47-3 The wave equation

47-4 Solutions of the wave equation

47-5 The speed of sound

Chapter 48. Beats

48-1 Adding two waves

48-2 Beat notes and modulation

48-3 Side bands

48-4 Localized wave trains

48-5 Probability amplitudes for particles

48-6 Waves in three dimensions

48-7 Normal modes

Chapter 49. Modes

49-1 The reflection of waves

49-2 Confined waves, with natural frequencies

49-3 Modes in two dimensions

49-4 Coupled pendulums

49-5 Linear systems

Chapter 50. Harmonics

50-1 Musical tones

50-2 The Fourier series

50-3 Quality and consonance

50-4 The Fourier coefficients

50-5 The energy theorem

50-6 Nonlinear responses

Chapter 51. Waves

51-1 Bow waves

51-2 Shock waves

51-3 Waves in solids

51-4 Surface waves

Chapter 52. Symmetry in Physical Laws

52-1 Symmetry operations

52-2 Symmetry in space and time

52-3 Symmetry and conservation laws

52-4 Mirror reflections

52-5 Polar and axial vectors

52-6 Which hand is right?

52-7 Parity is not conserved!

52-8 Antimatter

52-9 Broken symmetries